The skincare market boomed in the last few years. As skincare becomes more mainstream, it has now become a necessity rather than a luxury.
With many countries like Korea, the US, and the UK creating a new skincare craze, many new formulations and ingredients were discovered.
This easy-peasy access is much more convenient for the general public to get into the skin, but it has also become very overwhelming to beginners.
Depending on who’s asking, a skincare routine can differ from person to person.
Every individual on this earth has different skin types, concerns, issues, problems, etc.
Going on each of these factors, everyone can have various routines and products to suit each of their skin needs.
But there are a few general rules that can be applied to everyone, regardless of their skin condition.
Skincare does not have to be complicated. You just need to start small and take baby steps into understanding your skin in order to improve it to its best condition.
So here’s a beginner’s guide to getting you in on the skincare fad.
Step 1: Cleanse
The most basic of the basics when it comes to skincare, whether you care about your skin or not, is cleansing.
The general rule is cleansing twice a day; once in the morning and once in the evening.
Cleansing in the morning cleans up the waste and sweat gathered from the hair and pillows while asleep.
You may skip out on morning cleansing if you have dry and sensitive skin and replace it with plain lukewarm water.
Cleansing in the evening is an absolute must, however. It cleans up all makeup, sunscreen, sebum, dead skin cells, and pollutants accumulated from the atmosphere.
When choosing a cleanser, beginners should try out a gentle hydrating one first.
With minimal ingredients and free of added fragrance to minimize irritation.
Step 2: Moisturize
The next important step of a proper skincare routine is moisturizing, moisturizing, moisturizing.
Keeping your skin moisturized is super important when it comes to maintaining the health of your skin.
Sebum or oil glands that keep skin healthy lose their power as you age throughout your life.
Moisturizing daily gives these glands a break so it reduces skin problems as well.
For beginners, it is recommended to try oil-free and fragrance-free moisturizers first to keep irritation to the minimum.
There are also a couple of moisturizing ingredients to look out for when wanting properly hydrated skin:
Hyaluronic Acid: Deeply moisturizes and plumps up dry dehydrated skin
Ceramide: Strengthens and rebuilds the skin barrier to improve skin health
If you have oily or acne-prone skin, do not think that you don’t need a moisturizer, you must have one.
Over-cleansing and lack of moisture can trigger your skin to produce even more oil. This can worsen the greasiness and acne breakouts.
Thus, make sure you get a non-comedogenic moisturizer that does not clog your pores.
It is typically in a form of gel texture moisturizer as they do not contain any oils or butter.
Step 3: UV Protection
Regardless of whether it is rain or shine, outdoors or indoors, always make sure to keep your skin protected with sunscreen.
Sunlight that contains UV rays can be very damaging and harmful.
Exposure to it can cause rapid aging skin and dark spot-like blemishes.
Sunscreen is your protective shield to defend your skin against these skin problems.
Opt for a sunscreen that contains SPF 30 and above to keep your skin as protected as possible.
There are two types of sunscreen to choose from:
- Physical (Mineral) Sunscreen: Contain minerals like Zinc Oxide and Titanium Dioxide to reflect damaging UV rays.
- Chemical Sunscreen: Contains chemicals like octocrylene and avobenzone to absorb and break down the UV rays in the skin.
For beginners, you can try out a physical sunscreen first as it is usually sensitive skin safe and will not cause irritation problems.
Once you have an excellent basic routine down, you can begin to add more products to it to make it more complete and boost up your skin.
A great place to start is exfoliation. Exfoliating 1-2 times per week can give your skin a clean and fresh canvas to help improve the absorption of other products.
Like sunscreen, there are different types of exfoliation: Chemical and Physical.
Chemical exfoliation uses exfoliating acids like AHA, BHA, and PHA to penetrate into the skin and flush out clogged pores.
Physical exfoliation involves scrubs and peeling gels that use beads to remove the surface layer of dead skin cells.
Sensitive and acne-prone skin types should stay away from this type of exfoliation though.
As they scratch the skin and break the blood vessels which can cause irritation and worsen acne inflammation.
Another add-on skincare product is serums. Serums are usually highly concentrated topical treatments that target specific skin concerns such as wrinkles, acne, hyperpigmentation, dehydration, etc.
They should be layered on before moisturizers and other products that have thicker consistencies. For example, water to gel to cream to oils.
You can also add on a facial mask if you like. There is a large variety of facial masks like sheet masks, clay masks, wash-off masks, etc.
Sheet masks are similar to serums where they target specific skin concerns.
Clay masks are for a deeper skin cleansing and exfoliation where you should use them only one to two times per week.
Wash-off masks can be overnight sleeping masks for hydration and nourishment which can be used every night.
Depending on how your skin is feeling that day, you can apply a mask to give your skin a beautiful radiance.
In a nutshell, always keep in mind these couple of tips to help you with product selection and creating a skincare routine.
Less is often more
As you begin your skincare routine and continue to evolve it over time, always keep this crucial piece of information in mind. Less is more.
When you overwhelm yourself and have too many products in your routine, it will confuse you and you may end up worsening your skin instead.
There are many products with many formulations and ingredients. Unfortunately, some of these products do not mix well together.
That’s why, the moment you find a routine that suits your skin best, stick to it first and slowly add one new product at a time to see how your skin reacts.
Remember that a new skincare product and routine will never “work” from the get-go.
Be patient and keep using it for about two to three months before considering changing things up.
Some products may seem like it worsens your skin slightly but it may just be your skin reacting to the new ingredient.
It will usually stabilize after a couple months of consistent use and you can see your skin improve and blossom.
There is an exception, of course, if your skin becomes irritated right away like an allergic reaction.
Make sure to discontinue using immediately if that happens.
Always always always stay consistent with your skincare routines.
Keep up your routine step by step every day, morning, and night.
Even if you are feeling lazy that day or if you think your skin looks good enough, never skip on your routines.
Trust your skin, your products, and the basics, and keep at it to produce and maintain the skin results you want.
The Inkey List
Salicylic Acid Cleanser (150ml)
A foam cleanser that uses 2% Salicylic Acid to reduce breakouts and control sebum.
The Inkey List
Some By Mi
Yuja Niacin Brightening Peeling Gel (120ml)
A peeling gel that uses PHA, Yuja and Niacinamide to exfoliate and brighten skin.
Some By Mi
Some By Mi
Aha 10% Amino Peeling Ampoule (35g)
A peeling ampoule that uses 10% AHA to gently exfoliate and brighten dull skin.
Some By Mi
Dermalogy Day Light Protection Airy Sun Screen (50ml)
A daily essence chemical sunscreen that can soothe, hydrate and moisturize skin.
Always Be Pure
Mooncat Rich Moist Greenery Sleeping Mask (150ml)
A sleeping mask infused with Green Tea to moisturize and repair the skin overnight.
Always Be Pure
Madagascar Centella Air Fit Suncream Plus SPF50+ PA++++ (50ml)
A broad spectrum physical sunscreen that can brighten and whiten sensitive skin.
Super Volcanic Clay Mousse Mask 2X (100ml)
A mousse foam clay mask twice as powerful in purifying skin and unclogging pores.
Hydrating Cleanser For Normal to Dry Skin
A gentle cleanser for hydrating and moisturizing dry and normal skin.
0.2mm Therapy Air Mask (1 Sheet)
Daily masks made with breathable sheets to deliver different essences to your skin.
Madagascar Centella Hyalu-Cica Sleeping Pack (100ml)
A hydrating sleeping mask that moisturizes, reduce wrinkles and whiten skin as you sleep.
Centella Calming Gel Cream (60ml)
A gel moisturizer made with Centella and Tea Tree to hydrate, soothe and brighten skin.
Vitamin B5 Moisture Ampoule (18ml)
A Vitamin B Panthenol ampoule for long-lasting deep hydration and moisture.
Ggultamin B Real Gel Mask (5 Sheets)
A two step mask for great long-lasting hydration.
Some By Mi
AHA.BHA.PHA 30 Days Miracle Truecica Clear Pad (70 Pads)
A two side essence pad that can exfoliate, soothe and moisturize troubled skin.
Some By Mi